The Judicial College is the educational arm of the Maryland Judiciary that conducts legal education and professional development for the judges of the various courts of Maryland. This course was designed to orient new Maryland Orphans’ Court Judges whether just elected or sitting only for few years. In practice, however, new Judges and seasoned Judges tend to attend which produces a rich learning opportunity. This Presentation covers the history of the Orphans Court, the scope of its jurisdiction, the mechanics of personal representative appointment, the scope of the personal representative’s duties and powers, the difference between Administrative and judicial probate, and other foundational legal principles important to the Court.